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Crystallization Reactor Accident

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Nuclear Reactor Accidents - History and Legacies

Nuclear Reactor Accidents - History and Legacies

Jul 11, 2017 · Date: Tuesday, July 11, 2017. Following World War II, countries around the world began to develop nuclear reactors to meet civilian energy needs. In the core of the nuclear reactor, the heat from fission or splitting of …

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Nuclear Reactor Accident - an overview

Nuclear Reactor Accident - an overview

The nuclear reactor accident that occurred in Chernobyl in April 1986 released large quantities of radionuclides to the environment. The contamination was highest near the reactor, with significant fallout also occurring in the western part of the former Soviet Union and spreading to many parts of western Europe.

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Reactor Core Melt Accident - Characteristics and …

Reactor Core Melt Accident - Characteristics and …

Jul 17, 2019 · Abstract— The possible formation of a solid phase in the lead coolant in the BREST-OD-300 reactor, a problem common for reactors of such type, is numerically investigated. For modeling unsteady processes in the steam generator operating with a liquid-metal coolant under the conditions involving the occurrence of crystallization–melting …

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Numerical Investigation of a Class of Accidents in the …

Numerical Investigation of a Class of Accidents in the …

Nuclear Reactor Accidents - History and Legacies | Atomic

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Nuclear Reactor Accident - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

Nuclear Reactor Accident - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

Nuclear Reactor Accidents - History and Legacies | Atomic

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Phase equilibria during crystallization of melts in the …

Phase equilibria during crystallization of melts in the …

Nuclear Reactor Accidents - History and Legacies | Atomic

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Estimation of influence of boric acid drop entrainment to its ...

Estimation of influence of boric acid drop entrainment to its ...

Working in the Diablo Canyon reactor control room turned this mom in…

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New approach to the problem of increasing environmental …

New approach to the problem of increasing environmental …

The nuclear reactor accident that occurred in Chernobyl in April 1986 released large quantities of radionuclides into the environment. The contamination was highest near the reactor, with significant fallout also occurring in the western part of the former Soviet Union and spreading to many parts of western Europe. ... Water of crystallization ...

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Estimation influence of boric acid drop entrainment to its ...

Estimation influence of boric acid drop entrainment to its ...

Since the TMI and Chernobyl accidents the risk of nuclear severe accident is intensively studied for existing and future reactors. In case of a core melt-down accident in a nuclear reactor, a ...

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Solubility Equations of Boron Compounds under Coolant …

Solubility Equations of Boron Compounds under Coolant …

Apr 07, 2017 · Estimation of influence of boric acid drop entrainment to its accumulation in the WWER reactor in the case of accident. 11/28/2017 2017 - #04 Global safety, reliability ... increase of amount of boric acid in the coolant and achieving its crystallization conditions on the nuclear fuel element outer surface is possible, it may lead to heat ...

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An experimental study of a VVER reactor’s steam generator …

An experimental study of a VVER reactor’s steam generator …

Dec 01, 1997 · New approach to the problem of increasing environmental protection during a severe accident at a nuclear power plant

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Investigation of Conditions for Zinc Particle Release and

Investigation of Conditions for Zinc Particle Release and

region of reactor bottom and, consequently, probability of crystallization of boric acid in the area appears to be low. Crystallization is possible in the reactor core due to the interaction of blended flows with cooler elements of reactor internal components. Certain fraction of boric acid carried away from reactor core with steam due to the dr-

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Andrei MOROZOV | Leading researcher | Doctor of Tecnical Science ...

Andrei MOROZOV | Leading researcher | Doctor of Tecnical Science ...

Oct 04, 2021 · Abstract— In carrying out quantitative safety assessment at nuclear power plants equipped with pressurized water reactors (the Russian version of which is known as VVER-type reactors), for estimating the risk of boron compound crystallization both in the reactor core and in the spent fuel pool under various emergency conditions of operation, it is necessary to have …

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Instrumentation for liquid sodium in nuclear reactors

Instrumentation for liquid sodium in nuclear reactors

To assess the chance of accumulation and subsequent crystallization of H3BO3 in the core of the WWER reactor, a hand calculation analysis of the change of concentration of boric acid in the ...

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Experimental investigation on the coolability of nuclear reactor …

Experimental investigation on the coolability of nuclear reactor …

Feb 07, 2014 · Background of the experimental and methodical work is a loss of coolant accident (LOCA) in a Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR). During LOCA, both the leakage water jet as well as the water in the containment can lead to corrosion of galvanized installations (e.g. grates).

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Backgrounder on the Three Mile Island Accident | NRC.gov

Backgrounder on the Three Mile Island Accident | NRC.gov

The results of experimental study of boric acid crystallization in WWER reactor in case of loss of coolant accident (LOCA) and operation of passive safety systems are presented.

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Study on safety of crystallization method applied to …

Study on safety of crystallization method applied to …

@article{osti_4321240, title = {Instrumentation for liquid sodium in nuclear reactors}, author = {Hayes, D J}, abstractNote = {This review deals with the instrumentation for the measurement of physical and chemical characteristics of liquid sodium in reactor coolant and related applications. It covers flow, temperature, acceleration and pressure, displacement, void fraction and level.

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The accident at the Leningrad nuclear power plant

The accident at the Leningrad nuclear power plant

Mar 01, 2022 · During the Fukushima nuclear reactor accident, seawater was injected into the reactor core to cool the decay heat from the heat generating porous debris bed. ... The crystallization fouling process causes the pores at a certain cross section in the debris bed to plug and this can cause a build up of pressure in the lower regions of the debris bed.

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100L Crystallization Filter Jacketed Glass Reactor

100L Crystallization Filter Jacketed Glass Reactor

Jun 21, 2018 · The Three Mile Island Unit 2 reactor, near Middletown, Pa., partially melted down on March 28, 1979. This was the most serious accident in U.S. commercial nuclear power plant operating history, although its small radioactive releases had no detectable health effects on plant workers or the public. Its aftermath brought about sweeping changes ...

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NRC probe of NIST reactor fuel failure finds apparent …

NRC probe of NIST reactor fuel failure finds apparent …

[en] The crystallization method is proposed to apply for recovery of uranium from dissolution liquid, enabling to reduce handling materials in later stages of reprocessing used fast breeder reactor (FBR) fuels. This report studies possible safety problems accompanied by the proposed method. Crystallization process was first defined in the whole reprocessing process, and the …

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Supersaturation and Crystallization for Nucleation and …

Supersaturation and Crystallization for Nucleation and …

Jul 26, 2020 · This was the first signal of an accident recorded outside its zone. According to Vitaly Abakumov, a participant in the events, who worked in this shift as a reactor control engineer, on November 30 at 6:33 am, at the reactor control room (MCR), “several alarms appeared at once, indicating a violation of the integrity of the process channels”.

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High-temperature crystallization of nanocrystals into three …

High-temperature crystallization of nanocrystals into three …

The 100l crystallization filter jacketed glass reactor is vacuum filtered, and can also be used for concentration, distillation, extraction, crystallization and other reactions. It is commonly used in biopharmaceuticals, peptide synthesis, scientific research experiments, and is an ideal instrument for small-scale and pilot-scale production.

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Calculation of dose consequences of a hypothetical large accident …

Calculation of dose consequences of a hypothetical large accident …

Mar 21, 2022 · In the 13 months since a fuel element failure triggered a scram of the research reactor at the National Institute of Standards and Technology’s NIST Center for Neutron Research (NCNR), the event and its causes have been scrutinized by both NIST and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. ... Sparked by an article on the TMI accident that appeared ...

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Working in the Diablo Canyon reactor control room turned …

Working in the Diablo Canyon reactor control room turned …

Supersaturation is important because it is the driving force for both crystal nucleation and growth. The control of supersaturation is key to attaining desired product attributes, especially final crystal size distribution and phase. Generally speaking, at low supersaturation, crystals can grow faster than they nucleate, resulting in a larger ...

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Chemical Crystallization Reactor in Sweden

Chemical Crystallization Reactor in Sweden

Jul 31, 2017 · The crystallization of Pd nanocrystals can be further tuned by directly changing the molar ratio of oleic acid:TOP used in the synthesis. For example, with a 1:4 molar ratio of oleic acid:TOP, we ...

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Effect of Boric Acid Solubility in Steam on the Process of …

Effect of Boric Acid Solubility in Steam on the Process of …

The reactor is a light-water reactor located at a site representing an idealized, simplified Danish location. Three release categories are discussed: The first is the release in an accident with a core meltdown and a major rupture of the containment. This release is represented by the BWR-2 release of… Expand

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New approach to the problem of increasing environmental …

New approach to the problem of increasing environmental …

2 days ago · Heather Hoff, co-founder of Mothers for Nuclear, has worked at Diablo Canyon nuclear power reactor for 18 years. Here she is seen in approximately 2014 in the control room simulator. Photo ...

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A review on the clad failure studies - ScienceDirect

A review on the clad failure studies - ScienceDirect

The reactor body is made of sus304, sus316l stainless steel. Several mixing type is available. Structure. 1. The equipment is mainly composed of three parts: a cylinder, an integral jacket and an outer covering. The outer covering and the jacket are filled with insulation medium, and the tank top is equipped with a stirrer. 2.

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The Science of Responding to a Nuclear Reactor Accident

The Science of Responding to a Nuclear Reactor Accident

Dec 23, 2021 · Because of the long duration of the accident process, the coolant with high boron content starts boiling and steam with low concentration of boric acid departs the core. So, conditions could arise in the reactor for possible accumulation and subsequent crystallization of boric acid, causing the core heat removal process to deteriorate.

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Experimental investigation on the coolability of nuclear reactor …

Experimental investigation on the coolability of nuclear reactor …

Dec 01, 1997 · New approach to the problem of increasing environmental protection during a severe accident at a nuclear power plant

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Fukushima Daiichi Accident - World Nuclear Association

Fukushima Daiichi Accident - World Nuclear Association

Highlights We present a comprehensive review of clad failure studies during LOCA and RIA. Present review is solely on transient behavior of zircaloy clad leading to accident. In addition, a section clad materials and their development has also been included. Clad failure mechanisms during accident conditions: corrosion, creep, DNB and PCMI. The rate of corrosion and creep …

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MODELING POTENTIAL REACTOR ACCIDENT …

MODELING POTENTIAL REACTOR ACCIDENT …

Dec 08, 2014 · The Science of Responding to a Nuclear Reactor Accident summarizes the presentations and discussions of the May 2014 Gilbert W. Beebe Symposium titled "The Science and Response to a Nuclear Reactor Accident". The symposium, dedicated in honor of the distinguished National Cancer Institute radiation epidemiologist who died in 2003, was co …

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Hygroscopic growth of CsI and CsOH particles in context of …

Hygroscopic growth of CsI and CsOH particles in context of …

Mar 01, 2022 · During the Fukushima nuclear reactor accident, seawater was injected into the reactor core to cool the decay heat from the heat generating porous debris bed. ... The crystallization fouling process causes the pores at a certain cross section in the debris bed to plug and this can cause a build up of pressure in the lower regions of the debris bed.

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Schematic diagram of reactor for controlled crystallization …

Schematic diagram of reactor for controlled crystallization …

Following a major earthquake, a 15-metre tsunami disabled the power supply and cooling of three Fukushima Daiichi reactors, causing a nuclear accident beginning on 11 March 2011. All three cores largely melted in the first three days. The accident was rated level 7 on the International Nuclear and Radiological Event Scale, due to high ...

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Calculation of evolution of concentration of boric acid in the reactor …

Calculation of evolution of concentration of boric acid in the reactor …

reactor accidents as well as the current design and operation of nuclear power plants. To provide perspective between SOARCA results and the more conservative estimates of severe reactor accident outcomes found in earlier NRC publications, SOARCA results are compared to the results of one of these previous publications: NUREG/CR-2239, “Technical

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Lesson Learn - sites.gtiit.edu.cn

Lesson Learn - sites.gtiit.edu.cn

Jun 01, 2019 · Similar to other highly hygroscopic species e.g. N a N O 3, complete re-crystallization is expected to occur at still lower RHs (6% for N a N O 3) ... In the case of nuclear reactor accidents, there may be a chance of release of these water soluble compounds (i.e. CsI, CsOH) into the containment and the environment. ...

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Feasibility study of crystallization process for water …

Feasibility study of crystallization process for water …

The tailor-made reactor for controlled crystallization process is schematically shown in Fig. 2. The designs of baffles and blades in the reactor are basically important for controlled ...

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Working in the Diablo Canyon reactor control room turned …

Working in the Diablo Canyon reactor control room turned …

Thus, it can be stated that risk of crystallization of boric acid on different parts of internal core elements during the development of accident on VVER reactor facility is significantly reduced if the value of droplet entrainment of Н 3 ВО 3 from the reactor core exceeds 8%. Let us note again that contribution of boric acid carrying away ...

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Radiochemical aspects of environmentally protective …

Radiochemical aspects of environmentally protective …

reports, a laboratory safety accident occurred at the Institute of Chemistry of the Chinese Academy of Sciences on March 31, 2021, resulting in one death. ... polymerization reactor, crystallization kettle, is a small-scale reaction vessel commonly used in laboratories, which can be used for small-dose synthesis

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Cbd Crystallization – How to Crystallize CBD Oil

Cbd Crystallization – How to Crystallize CBD Oil

pellet reactor should be reduced by sulfuric acid ad-dition (Centralized Softening, 1999). The commer-cial pellet reactors are 6-12 m. high and 0.5 to 4 m in diameters. The sand size is in the range of 0.2-0.3 mm. The crystallized sand can grow as big as 1-2 mm. in size.The advantages of pellet reactor soft-ening over conventional process are:

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Eutectic crystallization in the UO{sub 2}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} …

Eutectic crystallization in the UO{sub 2}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} …

2 days ago · Heather Hoff, co-founder of Mothers for Nuclear, has worked at Diablo Canyon nuclear power reactor for 18 years. Here she is seen in approximately 2014 in the control room simulator. Photo ...

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Control of Laves Precipitation in a FeCrAl-based Alloy …

Control of Laves Precipitation in a FeCrAl-based Alloy …

Mar 01, 1995 · The U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Scientific and Technical Information

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